Transform Nutrition West Africa in Burkina Faso will provide context-specific evidence to help improve the agenda setting, conceptualization and implementation of nutrition action at national and subnational levels. Research activities include “Stories of Change in Food Security and Nutrition in Burkina Faso” with the Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population (ISSP).

The challenge

Political commitment to nutrition has gradually increased in Burkina Faso and good progresses has been made over the past 30 years in reducing stunting and wasting, although not sufficient to meet the World Health Assembly targets. The country is also facing a double burden of anemia and low birth weight for children under-five, and a double burden of thinness and anemia for women of reproductive age. Burkina Faso is struggling to formulate an effective policy response to the burden of diet-related non-communicable diseases, despite a high rate of deaths attributable to these diseases.

slide-decks icon
slide-decks

Burkina Faso Systematic Map to guide decision making

Burkina Faso Systematic Map to guide decision-making on the current landscape of research on World Health Assembly indicators in West Africa. The West Africa Region has been one of the slowest in reducing its many burdens of malnutrition. The World Health Assembly’s (WHA) 2025 nutrition targets were developed to track countries’ nutritional situations, and measure…

news icon
news

Evaluation of research on World Health Assembly targets in West Africa – new slide decks

  The West Africa Region has been one of the slowest in reducing its many burdens of malnutrition. The World Health Assembly’s (WHA) 2025 nutrition targets were developed to track countries’ nutritional situations, and measure progress in reducing malnutrition. These indicators are therefore essential to guide decision making. Understanding the regional and in-country dynamics are…

journal-articles icon
journal-articles

Follow-up between 6 and 24 months after discharge from treatment for severe acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months: A systematic review

Background
Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major global health problem affecting some 16.9 million children under five. Little is known about what happens to children 6–24 months post-discharge as this window often falls through the gap between studies on SFPs and those focusing on longer-term effects.

Methods
A protocol was registered on PROSPERO (PROSPERO 2017:CRD42017065650). Embase, Global Health and MEDLINE In-Process and Non-Indexed Citations were systematically searched with terms related to SAM, nutritional intervention and follow-up between June and August 2017. Studies were selected if they included children who experienced an episode of SAM, received a therapeutic feeding intervention, were discharged as cured and presented any outcome from follow-up between 6–24 months later.

Results
3,691 articles were retrieved from the search, 55 full-texts were screened and seven met the inclusion criteria. Loss-to-follow-up, mortality, relapse, morbidity and anthropometry were outcomes reported. Between 0.0% and 45.1% of cohorts were lost-to-follow-up. Of those discharged as nutritionally cured, mortality ranged from 0.06% to 10.4% at an average of 12 months post-discharge. Relapse was inconsistently defined, measured, and reported, ranging from 0% to 6.3%. Two studies reported improved weight-for-height z-scores, whilst three studies that reported height-for-age z-scores found either limited or no improvement.

Conclusions
Overall, there is a scarcity of studies that follow-up children 6–24 months post-discharge from SAM treatment. Limited data that exists suggest that children may exhibit sustained vulnerability even after achieving nutritional cure, including heightened mortality and morbidity risk and persistent stunting. Prospective cohort studies assessing a wider range of outcomes in children post-SAM treatment are a priority, as are intervention studies exploring how to improve post-SAM outcomes and identify
high-risk children.

country-briefs icon
country-briefs

Global nutrition report – Burkina Faso profile

This 2017 Burkina Faso country profile from the Global Nutrition Report captures the status of Ghana and the 80+ indicators include a wealth of information on child, adolescent and adult measurements and nutritional status, in addition to intervention coverage, food supply, economics, and demography. This tool is particularly useful for nutrition champions at the country-level, as…